News from RHMS of Serbia

2021

 International Day of the Sava River  01.06.2021. 
 
 
 
As a way of marking the International Day of the Sava River, June 1st, the International Sava River Basin Commission (ISRBC), in cooperation with the competent institutions from the Parties to the Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin (FASRB), carries out celebratory activities each year with the aim of raising awareness of the importance of the Sava River for all segments of our lives and of the need to protect the water resources and preserve the environment and the cultural heritage of the Sava River Basin.

One of the goals of the activities is raising awareness of the need for and ways of protection against the harmful effects of water. With that in mind, ISRBC, in cooperation with the hydrometeorological services, organized the installation of high water marks at selected locations in all four countries of the Sava River Basin, along with the accompanying programme.

In the Republic of Serbia, the event was organized at the Sava Port in Belgrade, where a mark was installed, next to the hydrological station, showing the highest recorded water level (H=738 cm, 16 April 2006), and on this occasion, a representative of the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS) gave a brief presentation. Along with the representatives of ISRBC and RHMSS, the event was attended by the representatives of the Public Water Management Company Srbijavode and the School for Tourism and Hospitality from Belgrade.
 

 WORLD METEOROLOGICAL/
WATER DAY 2021
Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, graduate meteorologist
 23.03.2021. 
 
Dear Colleagues from the field of meteorology and hydrology, I wish to extend my congratulations to you on the occasion of World Meteorological Day and World Water Day. In the recent years we used to mark these days with celebratory gatherings, but this year it will not be possible because the invisible global enemy is still among us. As you know, World Meteorological Day commemorates the coming into force, 70 years ago, on 23 March 1950, of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, dealing with research, monitoring and forecasting of atmospheric, climate and water processes and conditions, while World Water Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 1993 and is observed around the world on 22 March every year.

Every year, the World Meteorological Organization devotes World Meteorological Day to a different relevant theme. This year, the selected theme is “the ocean, our climate and weather”. If we add the slogan “valuing water”, which is the theme of this year’s World Water Day, we complete the circle of fundamental sustainable development elements.

When it comes to the weather and climate, most people think about the atmospheric processes. However, in order to comprehend those processes, we have to take into account the role of the ocean that covers nearly 70% of the Earth’s surface. The atmosphere-ocean interaction plays an important role in the understanding of weather conditions in all regions of the world. The oceans are the greatest heat reservoir on the planet, and a slight change in their temperature can cause certain changes in the regional-scale weather patterns, leading to the variation of many meteorological and climatological parameters. In the several last decades, climatologists have focused major attention to the study of the impact of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas emission to the increase of air temperature. Along with being heat reservoirs and having an important role in the exchange of heat with the lower atmospheric layers, oceans significantly affect the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere. Depending on the heating and cooling of the global ocean, air temperature rises and falls are observed in the world and in Serbia (figure 1).




Weather, climate and water are crucial for overall wellbeing, health and food safety. On the other hand, they can have a destructive power. Severe events, such as heavy precipitation, heat waves, heavy droughts, winter weather disasters, extremely low temperatures or tropical cyclones represent real danger to human lives and livelihoods. We are the witnesses of the intensity and frequency of some of those events.

There have lately been frequent disagreements in the scientific and expert community related to the understanding of terms “weather” and “climate”, which has led to debates and refutations of conclusions regardless of their relevance. Therefore, it is important to bear in mind that weather is the state of meteorological elements and meteorological phenomena at the observed area and time interval ranging from several minutes to one hour, one day, ten days, one month, one season or one vegetation period. When it comes to the climate, it should first be considered if it is a phenomenon or a resource. It can be defined both as a resource and a phenomenon. Climate is a renewable natural resource: energy resource (Sun and wind), material resource (precipitation) and biomass resource (combined with soil). As a phenomenon, climate is defined based on the experiences with weather events. A classic definition includes mean values, extremes, frequency of occurrence and other statistical parameters related to meteorological conditions over a relatively long time interval. The shortest-term climate variability is seasonal in character.

Along with meteorological, climate also includes other factors. Climate is a result of geophysical, astronomical and many other factors. It is a reflection of the state of the geophysical system in planetary proportions, and its changes are conditioned by the changes in the geophysical system. Climate and climate variations are influenced by many factors, which makes the study of climate and climate change rather complicated.

In the last 35 years 350 floods occurred on the major rivers in Europe, 220 of them in the last 12 years. Heavy floods in Serbia were recorded in 1980, 1981, 1988, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2014 and 2016, and in the previous three summers, around 15 municipalities in Central Serbia proclaimed the state of emergency due to the flooding of rivers. The rainiest year in Serbia was 2014, while heavy droughts occurred in 2000, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2017. The longest heat wave in Belgrade was recorded in the summer of 2012, while maximum air temperature in Belgrade of 43.6oC was measured on 24 July 2007. Heat-related extreme events may cause: heat stroke, cardiovascular diseases, dehydration and other complications.

On the territory of Serbia, 2019 and 2018 were the warmest years in the period from 1951 until today. Thirteen out of fifteen warmest years in Serbia were registered after 2000 (1951-2019), and fourteen in Belgrade (1888-2019).

Over many decades, the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS) has been focusing its full attention to the improvement of its forecasting system, from hourly to seasonal forecasts, using the knowledge on the manner in which the ocean-atmosphere interaction shapes weather and climate.

Viewing climate as a dynamic system driven by the atmosphere, ocean, surface processes, cryosphere and biosphere, was initiated in the mid-80s, both in the leading hydrometeorological services around the world and in Serbia. Due to the long-term researching, the Republic of Serbia has become a regional leader in the field of numerical weather and climate modelling. With a view to improving the forecasting system on the regional level, RHMSS initiated the establishment of the South East European Consortium for Operational weather Prediction (SEECOP) in 2015.

RHMSS hosts the sub-regional South East European Virtual Climate Change Center (SEEVCCC), which operates as part of the Network of Regional Climate Centers (RCC-Network) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). At the same time, RHMSS coordinates the South East European Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF), thus supporting WMO’s Climate Outlook Forums mechanism. At a workshop held in Offenbach in October 2020, it was shown that the SEEVCCC products were used operationally in 12 National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs).

RHMSS plays a fundamental role in meteorological and hydrological events early warning and disaster risk reduction. As the National Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, RHMSS successfully carries out the international cooperation activities in the field of meteorology and hydrology, as well as in the research and monitoring of climate and climate change. RHMSS has also developed a special framework of regional and bilateral cooperation by participating in the implementation of joint projects.

The activities, tasks and challenges ahead of RHMSS testify to its commitment to achieve the tasks and goals set by our country and its citizens and put by the World Meteorological Organization before the NMHSs of its member states.

Once again, I would like to thank all members of the meteorological and hydrological community for their dilligence in performing their duties, and to wish them a happy World Meteorological Day and World Water Day.

RHMSS Director, Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, graduate meteorologist
 

2020

 Deputy Ambassador of FRANCE Mr Nicolas Faye visited RHMSS  04.12.2020. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Upon the request of the Embassy of France in Belgrade, Director of the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS), Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, held a meeting with Deputy Ambassador of France in Belgrade, Mr Nicolas Faye, on 4 December 2020. The topic of the meeting was the relocation of one department of the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMFW). Due to Brexit, the ECMWF facility for EU-funded activities shall be moved from Reading, UK, where ECMWF is seated, to one of the bidding countries from the EU, France being among them. Mr Faye officially informed Professor Nikolic that the city of Toulouse, where the key operational Meteo France services were located, had been put forward as French candidate to host ECMWF’s facility for EU-funded activities, with firm guarantees pledged by France. RHMSS’ capacities for potential partnership on certain projects related to atmospheric monitoring, climate, climate change, floods and fires were also presented at the meeting.

ECMWF is a European intergovernmental expert organization composed of 23 Member States from Europe: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Spain, France, Serbia, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, Finland, Sweden, Turkey, Slovenia, United Kingdom and Croatia. ECMWF also has 11 Cooperating States (Bulgaria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Morocco, South Macedonia, Israel and Montenegro) and partners with numerous international organizations (World Meteorological Organization (WMO), European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), EU’s Joint Research Center (JRC), European Space Agency (ESA), Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), Executive Body of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP), African Centre for Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD) etc.).

Upon the initiative of RHMSS, the Republic of Serbia became a full member of ECMWF in 2015, gaining the right to decide on the strategically important issues related to the ECMWF development and use of its benefits. The body in charge of the implementation of the ECMWF Convention is the Republic Hydrometeorological Service.
 

 Austrian Ambassador Mr Nikolaus Lutterotti visited RHMSS  19.10.2020. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Upon the request of the Austrian Embassy in Belgrade, Director of the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS), Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, held a meeting with Austrian Ambassador to Belgrade, Mr Nikolaus Lutterotti, accompanied by Deputy Head of Austrian Mission, Minister Plenipotentiary, Ms Sabine Kroissenbrunner, on 19 October 2020. During the meeting, Professor Nikolic presented RHMSS activities and regional cooperation, which was followed by the discussion on the possibilities of further cooperation on joint projects in the Danube Basin, focused on the issues related to the floods, droughts and early warnings on meteorological and hydrological extremes.

On this occassion, Ambassador Lutterotti officially informed Professor Nikolic, as the Permanent Representative of Serbia to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and representative of Serbia at the European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), that the Government of Austria had decided to put forward its candidacy to host two ECMWF's Copernicus Services in Vienna. Numerous advantages of Vienna were presented, depicting Vienna as a suitable location for the mentioned services and highlighting the first-rate research institutions and conditions for cooperaton in this field that Austria could provide if supported and selected as the host.
 

 DAY OF RHMSS
Professor Jugoslav Nikolić,
grad. meteorologist,
RHMSS Director
 26.09.2020. 
 
Dear Colleagues, RHMSS employees and contracted staff,

This year, for the first time, due to the coronavirus situation, we are not able to celebrate September 27th, Day of the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, marking the date when in distant 1888, that is, 132 years ago, Dr Vladan Djordjevic, the Minister of Education and Church Affairs at the time, issued a Decree on the establishment of the first unified national network of meteorological stations in the Kingdom of Serbia. Traditionally, during the ceremony dedicated to the Day of RHMSS, we used to present a critical review of the working results from the previous period. In all RHMSS departments we have indeed achieved substantial results that should be reported; this year, however, we have decided to abstain from using the usual format, because the protection of your health and lives, as well as the lives of your loved ones, is an imperative for us.

Our institution, which is a leader in the region and highly regarded in Europe and worldwide, has sufficient know-how and technical capacities to provide our country, our government, our economy and all citizens of the Republic of Serbia with meteorological and hydrological data and products of significance for the preventive protection of people’s lives and property and of our economy, without the risk of endangering the health of any of you.

I would like to thank all members of the meteorological and hydrological community, as well as the RHMSS staff, who, even in the most difficult circumstances, have enabled permanent operation of the Hydrometeorological Early Warning and Alert System, for the sake of preventive protection of people’s lives and property from extreme weather, climate and hydrological events and disasters, and provided data and information of significance for the mitigation of risks related to the impact of weather hazards, adaptation to changed climate conditions and performance of numerous jobs and everyday activities of citizens.

While waiting for the inevitable defeat of this invisible global enemy, I believe that we shall celebrate this jubilee joyfully for the many years to come.


RHMSS Director,

Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, grad. meteorologist
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Serbia
with the World Meteorological Organization

 

 WORLD METEOROLOGICAL DAY AND WORLD WATER DAY DURING THE STATE OF EMERGENCY
Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, graduate meteorologist
 23.03.2020. 
 
Dear colleagues, employees and contractors at the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS) and other institutions and companies,

For the first time we are not able to celebrate World Meteorological Day and World Water Day because we are fighting against a mighty and an invisible enemy. At this moment, due to the Coronavirus situation, it is essential to preserve your and your beloved ones’ health and lives. I therefore ask you to rigorously adhere to all recommendations related to the preventive measures that have been and are being introduced by the state of Serbia, but also by our institution that has been at the forefront of these efforts so far. We have enough knowledge and technical capacities to provide to our state, our Government and all the citizens of the Republic of Serbia meteorological and hydrological data and products of importance for the preventive protection of people’s lives and property, without risking the health of any of you. The only requirement is for all of us to strictly follow all given recommendations, to be disciplined and solidary in this emergency conditions, and to use our knowledge, capabilities and technical capacities.

Every year up to now, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and its 193 Member States, as well as the meteorological expert and scientific community worldwide, have traditionally celebrated March 23rd as World Meteorological Day, commemorating the date from seventy years ago, in 1950, when the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations dealing with the research, monitoring and forecasting of atmospheric, climate and water processes and changes, came into force. World Water Day, in line with a UN General Assembly Resolution, has been celebrated since 22nd March 1993. In recent years we have been marking the two dates jointly.

This year World Meteorological Day and World Water Day share the same theme – Climate and Water, under the slogan “Count every drop because every drop counts”. It was decided to share the same theme and slogan due to the fact that climate and water are inextricably linked and both lie at the heart of global goals on sustainable development, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.

Water is one of the most precious commodities of the 21st century, and more than 2 billion people do not have access to clean water. Disaster risk reduction and water management would be unimaginable without climate and water data. The National Meteorological and Hydrological Services play a key role in this. RHMSS, accordingly, constantly works on the enhancement of its hydrometeorological early warning and alert system. This complex system includes: meteorological and hydrological observation system; hydrometeorological telecommunication system; system for the analyses, forecasts, early warnings and alerts of disasters and hazards; system of climate monitoring, warnings and alerts on extreme climate variations; drought monitoring and early warning; and system for analyzing and mapping the risks of meteorological and climate disasters and production of the Extreme Weather Events Vulnerability Assessment of the Republic of Serbia.

Through the provision of meteorological and hydrological observations and scientific analyses, through research and delivery of operational climate services, RHMSS contributes to building society’s resilience and increasing the efficiency of adaptation to climate fluctuation and change.

I would like to thank the members of the meteorological and hydrological community and the employees of the institutions from these two fields, who are enabling, in these exceptionally difficult times of emergency, smooth permanent operation of the hydrometeorological early warning and alert system with the goal of preventive protection of people’s lives and property from extreme weather, climate and hydrological events and disasters, and who are providing data and information significant for the mitigation of risks from the impacts of weather disasters, adaptation to changed climate conditions and performance of numerous economic activities, as well as citizens’ everyday activities.

I wish you to stay strong, until the victory against this invisible global enemy, hoping and believing that we will celebrate these two dates joyfully in the many years to come.

RHMSS Director,

Professor Jugoslav Nikolic, graduate meteorologist
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Serbia
with the World Meteorological Organization
 

2019

 RHMSS - Cooperation with the most developed European countries  27.06.2019. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RHMSS Director, Prof. Jugoslav Nikolić, as a member of the Council of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and representative of the Republic of Serbia to ECMWF, actively participates in the work of the 94th session of the ECMWF Council, held in Lisbon, on 27 and 28 June 2019.

The Republic of Serbia has been a full ECMWF member since 2015, along with 22 of the most developed European countries (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, etc.) and 12 cooperating states.
The Council will make important decisions defining the work of ECMWF related to the provision of meteorological services to the National Meteorological Services in the following period, bearing in mind the conditions surrounding the relocation of the ECMWF data centre from Reading (UK) to Bologna (Italy), where a new data centre will be set up with one of the currently most poweful supercomputer networks in the world, with the aim of calculating meteorological products using high-resolution models in real time. The Republic of Serbia will greatly benefit from using this data centre.
 

LINK: Archive - News from RHMS of Serbia (2013-2018)

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